**Upcoming talks:**** **

**Past talks:**

**Title: **Spectral asymptotics for kinetic Brownian motion on Riemannian manifolds

**Speaker: **Tao Zhongkai(University of California, Berkeley)

**Time: **10:00-11:00 am, Novermber 18th(Fri), 2022

**Venue:** Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract: **Kinetic Brownian motion is a stochastic process that interpolates between the geodesic flow and Laplacian. It is also an analogue of Bismut’s hypoelliptic Laplacian. We prove the strong convergence of the spectrum of kinetic Brownian motion to the spectrum of base Laplacian for all compact Riemannian manifolds. This generalizes recent work of Kolb--Weich--Wolf on constant curvature surfaces. As an application, we prove the optimal convergence rate of kinetic Brownian motion to equilibrium (given by the spectral gap of base Laplacian) conjectured by Baudoin--Tardif. This is based on joint work with Qiuyu Ren.

**Title: **A new approach to the nonlinear Schrödinger equation

**Speaker**: Andrew Hassell (Australian National University)

**Time**: 10:00-11:00 am, Novermber 4th(Fri), 2022

**Venue**: Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract**: With collaborators Jesse Gell-Redman and Sean Gomes, we have begun to set up an entirely new framework for tackling the linear and nonlinear Schrödinger equation. I will describe this setup and explain why I believe it is a more powerful framework than existing approaches for studying nonlinear scattering and soliton dynamics.

**Title:** Fredholm approach to the Schrödinger equation

**Speaker: ** Jesse Gell-Redman (University of Melbourne)

**Time:** 10:00-11:00 am, October 21st(Fri), 2022

**Venue:** Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract:** We discuss a new approach, inspired by work of Hintz and Vasy, to solving the Schrödinger equation $(i \partial_t - \Delta) u = f$ using the Fredholm method. Specifically, we use 'parabolic' pseudodifferential operators (reflecting the parabolic nature of the symbol of $P = i \partial_t - \Delta$) to obtain families of function spaces $X, Y$ for which $P : X \to Y$ is an isomorphism. The spaces further allow us to read off precise regularity and decay information about $u$ directly from that of $f$. We discuss applications to the nonlinear Schrödinger equation, and extensions of this method to equations with compact spatial perturbations, such as smooth decaying potential functions, using the N-body calculus of Vasy. This includes joint work with Dean Baskin, Sean Gomes, and Andrew Hassell.

**Title: **The Feynman propagator in some model singular settings

**Speaker:** Dean Baskin(Texas A&M University)

**Time:** 10:00-11:00 am, October 7th(Fri), 2022

**Venue:** Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract: **In this talk I will describe the existence and asymptotic properties of the Feynman propagator in three model singular settings: the scalar wave equation on cones, the scalar wave equation on Minkowski space with an inverse square potential, and the massless Dirac equation in 3 dimensions coupled to a Coulomb potential. The proof combines techniques of Gell-Redman–Haber–Vasy as well as prior work with Booth, Gell-Redman, Marzuola, Vasy, and Wunsch. One novelty of the proof is that it does not rely on Wick rotation (though a shadow of it survives in some special function analysis at infinity).

**Title:** Scattering theory for models in Conformal Field Theory

**Speaker:** Colin Guillarmou(Laboratoire de Mathematiques d'Orsay, Universite Paris-Saclay)

**Time: ** 8:00-9:00 pm, October 7th(Fri), 2022

**Venue:** Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract:** I will explain a famous model of 2 dimensional Conformal Field Theory called the Liouville CFT and discuss several aspects related to it, including the scattering analysis of its Hamiltonian. This is based on joint work with Kupiainen, Rhodes and Vargas.

**Title:**Non-line-of-sight imgaing

**Speaker:** Qiu Lingyun(Tsinghua University)

**Time: **10:00-11:00 am, September 9th(Fri), 2022

**Venue:** Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract:** Non-line-of-sight imaging aims at recovering obscured objects from multiple-scattered light. It has recently received widespread attention due to its potential applications, such as autonomous driving, rescue operations, and remote sensing. However, in cases with high measurement noise, obtaining high-quality reconstructions remains a challenging task. In this work, we establish a unified regularization framework, which can be tailored for different scenarios, including indoor and outdoor scenes with substantial background noise under both confocal and non-confocal settings. The proposed regularization framework incorporates sparseness and non-local self-similarity of the hidden objects as well as smoothness of the measured signals. We show that the estimated signals, albedo, and surface normal of the hidden objects can be reconstructed robustly even with high measurement noise under the proposed framework. Reconstruction results on synthetic and experimental data show that our approach recovers the hidden objects faithfully and outperforms state-of-the-art reconstruction algorithms in terms of both quantitative criteria and visual quality.

**Title: **A two term Kuznecov sum formula

**Speaker:** Xi Yakun(Zhejiang University)

**Time: **10:00-11:00 am, August 26th (Fri), 2022

**Venue: **Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract:** A period integral is the average of a Laplace eigenfunction over a compact submanifold. Much like for the Weyl law, one can obtain improved estimates on period integrals given geometric or dynamical assumptions on the geodesic flow. While there are many results improving bounds on period integrals, there have been none which improve the remainder of the corresponding sum formula. In this talk, we discuss a recent joint work with Emmett Wyman. We show that an improvement to the remainder term of this sum formula reveals a lower-order oscillating term whose behavior can be described by the dynamics of the geodesic flow. Moreover, this oscillating second term illuminates bounds on period integrals.

**Title: **Mixed-norm of orthogonal projections and analytic interpolation on dimensions of measures

**Speaker:** Liu Bochen(Southern University of Science and Technology)

**Time:** 10:00-11:00 am, August 12th (Fri), 2022

**Venue: **Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract:** We obtain new results on mixed-norm estimates of orthogonal projections. In the proof we interpolate analytically, not only on $p,q$, but also on dimensions of measures. We also introduce a new quantity called $s$-amplitude, to present our results and illustrate our ideas. This mechanism provides new perspectives on operators with measures, thus has its own interest.

**Title: **On The relative volume of Poincare-Einstein manifolds

**Speaker:** Wang Fang(SJTU)

**Time: **10:00-11:00 am, July 29th (Fri), 2022

**Venue:** Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract: **For a Poincare-Einstein manifold, the Bishop-Gromov comparison theorem tells us that the relative volume is a non-increasing function of the geodesic radius. In this talk, I will show that the fractional Yamabe constant at the conformal infinity provides a lower bound for this function. As an application, this implies a gap phenomena and the rigidity theorem.

**Title: **Semiclassical analysis of elastic surface waves and inverse problems

**Speaker:** Zhai Jian(Fudan)

**Time: **10:00-11:00 am, July 1st (Fri), 2022

**Venue: **Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract: **We present a semiclassical description of surface waves traveling in stratified elastic medium. This semiclassical perspective is known to the geophysical community as the slow variational principle, and its mathematically rigorous framework was proposed by Colin de Verdiere (for acoustics). I will also talk about related inverse spectral problems, that are to use the dispersion relations of surface waves to explore the subsurface structure.

**Title: **Inverse problems for non-linear wave equations

**Speaker: **Antonio Sa Barreto(Purdue)

**Time:** 10:00-11:00 am, June 17th (Fri), 2022

**Venue:** Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract:** Since the superposition principle does not hold for non-linear equations, their solutions interact and hence produce information that would not be present if the equation were linear. Of course the problem is how one can extract such information. I will discuss the inverse problem of determining a semi-linear potential in two different situations:

1) The inverse scattering problem for Box u+ f(u)=0, when scattering holds for large initial data

2) Applications of nonlinear geometric optics to inverse problems. This can also be thought of as propagation of semiclassical singularities for non-linear wave equations.

**Title: **Scattering rigidity for analytic metrics

**Speaker: **Malo Jezequel(MIT)

**Time: **10:00-11:00 am, June 3rd (Fri), 2022

**Venue: **Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract:** For analytic negatively curved compact connected Riemannian manifold with analytic strictly convex boundary, the scattering map for the geodesic flow determines the manifold up to isometry. After detailing this result, I will explain how it can be deduced from analytic wave front set computations involving a radial estimate in the analytic category. This is a joint work with Yannick Guedes Bonthonneau and Colin Guillarmou.

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**Title: **Wave decay and non-decay in free space

**Speaker:** Kiril Datchev (Purdue)

**Time: **10:00-11:00 am, May 20th (Fri), 2022

**Venue: **Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract: **We study the wave equation on geometric perturbations of Euclidean space, where the support of the perturbation is a compact set $K$. Local energy (i.e. energy over a bounded spatial region $U$) decays in time, in a way depending on the dynamics of the geodesic flow over $K$ and on the geometric relationship between $U$ and $K$. Simple examples show that $K$ can influence decay rates over $U$ even when the distance between $U$ and $K$ is large. For many radial problems it is possible to compute precisely the critical distance at which the influence stops and interpret this distance geometrically. In the general case the picture is less clear but some partial sharp results are known. Our approach to this problem is based on semiclassical resolvent estimates, proven in part using Olver's WKB approximations and in part using Carleman estimates. This talk is based on joint works with Long Jin and with Jeffrey Galkowski and Jacob Shapiro.

**Title: **Weyl laws for open quantum maps

**Speaker: **Li Zhenhao (MIT)

**Time: **10:00-11:00 am, May 6th (Fri), 2022

**Venue: **Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract: **Open quantum maps provide simple finite-dimensional models of open quantum chaos. They are families of $N \times N$ matrices that quantize a symplectic relation on a compact phase space, and their eigenvalues model resonances of certain open quantum systems in the semiclassical limit as $N \to \infty$. This makes them especially conducive to numerical experimentation and thus appealing in the study of scattering resonances. We consider a particular toy model that arises from quantizing the classical baker’s map. We find a Weyl upper bound in the semiclassical limit for the number of eigenvalues in a fixed annulus, and derive an explicit dependence on the radius of the annulus given Gevrey regularity. These results are accompanied by numerical experiments.

**Title: **Dynamics of resonances for 0th order pseudodifferential operators.

**Speaker:** Wang Jian(University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)

**Time: **10:00-11:00 am, Apr. 22th (Fri), 2022

**Venue: **Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract: **Zeroth order pseudodifferential operators on torus are studied as microlocal model of internal waves. These operators can have embedded eigenvalues. After 0th order analytic perturbations, the embedded eigenvalues become resonances and we prove a series expansion of the resonances. As results of the expansion, we obtain the Fermi golden rule for 0th order operators and we answer the question about the generic absence of embedded eigenvalues of 0th order operators asked by Colin de Verdiere.

**Title: **Semiclassical oscillating functions of isotropic type and their applications

**Speaker**: Wang Zuoqin(USTC)

**Time**: 10:00-11:00 am, Apr. 8th (Fri), 2022

**Abstract:** Rapidly oscillating functions associated with Lagrangian submanifolds play a fundamental role in semiclassical analysis. In this talk I will describe how to associate classes of semiclassical oscillating functions to isotropic submanifolds of phase space, and show that these classes are invariant under the action of Fourier integral operators (modulo the usual clean intersection condition). Some sub-classes (coherent states, Hermite states) and applications will also be discussed. This is based on joint works with V. Guillemin (MIT) and A. Uribe (U. Michigan).

**Title: **Internal waves in 2D aquaria

**Speaker**: Maciej Zworski(University of California, Berkeley)

**Time**: 10:00-11:00 am, Mar. 25(Fri), 2022

**Abstract**: The connection between the formation of internal waves in fluids, spectral theory, and homeomorphisms of the circle was investigated by oceanographers in the 90s and resulted in novel experimental observations (Maas et al, 1997). The specific homeomorphism is given by a "chess billiard" and has been considered by many authors (John 1941, Arnold 1957... ). The relation between the nonlinear dynamics of this homeomorphism and linearized internal waves provides a striking example of classical/quantum correspondence (in a classical and surprising setting of fluids!). I will illustrate the results with numerical examples and explain how classical concepts such as rotation numbers of diffeomorphisms (introduced by Poincare) are related to solutions of the Poincare evolution problem. The talk is based on joint work with S Dyatlov and J Wang.

**Title**: Semiclassical analysis and the convergence of the finite element method

**Speaker**: Jared Wunsch(Northwestern University)

**Time:** 10:00-11:00 am, Mar. 11(Fri), 2022

**Venue**: Zoom: 618-038-6257, Password: SCMS

**Abstract**: An important problem in numerical analysis is the solution of the Helmholtz equation in exerior domains, in variable media; this models the scattering of time-harmonic waves. The Finite Element Method (FEM) is a flexible and powerful tool for obtaining numerical solutions, but difficulties are known to arise in obtaining convergence estimates for FEM that are uniform as the frequency of waves tends to infinity. I will describe some recent joint work with David Lafontaine and Euan Spence that yields new convergence results for the FEM which are uniform in the frequency parameter. The essential new tools come from semiclassical microlocal analysis. No knowledge of either FEM or semiclassical analysis will be assumed in the talk, however.