Maximum entropy coding principle in neuronal network dynamics

主讲人 Speaker:周栋焯
时间 Time: 周五16:30-17:30,2018-11-30
地点 Venue:清华大学近春园西楼三层报告厅

摘要 Abstract

The maximum entropy principle is widely used in diverse fields. We address the issue of why the second order maximum entropy model, by using only firing rates and second order correlations of neurons as constraints, can well capture the observed distribution of neuronal firing patterns in many neuronal networks, thus, conferring its great advantage in that the degree of complexity in the analysis of neuronal activity data reduces drastically from O (2^n) to O(n^2), where n is the number of neurons under consideration.

We first derive an expression for the effective interactions of the n-th order maximum entropy model using all orders of correlations of neurons as constraints and show that there exists a recursive relation among the effective interactions in the model.

Then, via a perturbative analysis, we explore a possible dynamical state in which this recursive relation gives rise to the strengths of higher order interactions always smaller than the lower orders. Both numerical simulations and experimental data demonstrate the existence of such dynamical state in neuronal network dynamics.

Finally, we invoke this hierarchy of effective interactions to provide a possible mechanism underlying the success of the second order maximum entropy model.

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