2021 Workshop on Algebraic Geometry: Generalised Pairs and Applications

组织者 Organizer:YMSC & MCM
时间 Time: 周四、五 8:20-18:00,Aug. 26-27, 2021
地点 Venue:线上 Zoom

摘要 Abstract

Generalised pairs are, as the name suggests, generalisations of pairs in algebraic geometry. A pair is roughly an algebraic variety together with a boundary divisor. A generalised pair is roughly a pair together with the choice of a "positive" divisor (i.e. nef divisor) on some birational model of the pair. The theory of generalised pairs is very interesting on its own but it has also been instrumental in many advances in birational geometry in recent years including effectivity of Iitaka fibrations, boundedness of Fano varieties, boundedness of complements, boundedness of log Calabi-Yau varieties, moduli of stable Calabi-Yau and stable minimal models, termination of flips and existence of minimal models, connectedness of non-klt loci, etc. The aim of this workshop is to review the theory and some of its applications.

报告人简介 Profile

Invited Speakers:

Caucher Birkar

Tsinghua University

Stefano Filipazzi

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Christopher Hacon

University of Utah

Jingjun Han

Johns Hopkins University

Kenta Hashizume

University of Tokyo

Zhengyu Hu

Chongqing University of Technology

Vladimir Lazic

Saarland University

Jihao Liu

University of Utah

Joaquin Moraga

Princeton University

Thomas Peternell

University of Bayreuth

V. V. Shokurov

Johns Hopkins University

Roberto Svaldi

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne


Organizers:  

Shing-Tung Yau

Tsinghua University

Caucher Birkar

Tsinghua University

Yifei Chen

AMSS

Baohua Fu

MCM, AMSS


Sponsors:

Yau Mathematical Sciences Center, Tsinghua University

Morningside Center of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences


ZOOM: 

Zoom ID: 466 356 2952   Password: mcm1234


Schedule: 
 

Date

Chair

Time

Speaker

Title

Video

8.26

Shing-Tung Yau

8:20-8:30

Shing-Tung Yau

Opening Ceremony

 

Baohua Fu

8:30-9:30

Caucher Birkar

An overview of generalised pairs

 

10:00-11:00

Christopher Hacon

On the minimal model program for generalized log pairs

 

11:30-12:30

Jihao Liu

Existence of flips for generalized pairs

 

 

 

8.26

Caucher Birkar

14:00-15:00

 Stefano Filipazzi

On the connectedness principle and dual complexes for generalized pairs

 

15:30-16:30

V. V. Shokurov

$n$-complements

 

17:00-18:00

Vladimir Lazic

Weak Zariski decompositions and minimal models

 

 

 

8.27

Yifei Chen

8:30-9:30

Joaquin Moraga

Toroidalization principles for generalized klt singularities

 

10:00-11:00

Zhengyu Hu

An abundance theorem for generalised pairs

 

11:30-12:30

Kenta Hashizume

Non-vanishing theorem for generalized log canonical pairs with a polarization

 

 

 

8.27

Caucher Birkar

&

Yifei Chen

14:00-15:00

Jingjun Han

Fujita's conjecture for pseudo-effective thresholds and Shokurov's conjecture on iterated accumulation points of pseudo-effective thresholds

 

15:30-16:30

Roberto Svaldi

A characterization of toricness

 

17:00-18:00

Thomas Peternell

A generalized non-vanishing and abundance conjecture and nef line bundles on K-trivial varieties

 


Title & Abstract: 
 
Speaker: Caucher Birkar (Tsinghua University)
Title: An overview of generalised pairs
Abstract: In this talk I will give a general overview of the theory of generalised pairs and its applications.


Speaker: Christopher Hacon (University of Utah)
Title: On the minimal model program for generalized log pairs
Abstracts: In this talk I will discuss recent progress in the minimal model program for log canonical generalized pairs.

Speaker: Jihao Liu (University of Utah)
Title: Existence of flips for generalized pairs
Abstracts: Following Prof. Hacon's talk, I will discuss the existence of flips for log canonical generalized pairs in detail. I will talk about some key ideas and philosophy in the proofs of the existence of flips, cone theorem, and contraction theorems for log canonical generalized pairs. I will also discuss some related questions and potential applications. This is joint work with Christopher D. Hacon.

Speaker: Stefano Filipazzi (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)
Title: On the connectedness principle and dual complexes for generalized pairs
Abstracts: Let $(X,B)$ be a pair, and let $f \colon X \rightarrow S$ be a contraction with $-(K_X+B)$ nef over S. A conjecture, known as the Shokurov-Koll\'ar connectedness principle, predicts that $f^{-1}(s)$ intersect $\mathrm{Nklt}(X,B)$ has at most two connected components, where $s$ is an arbitrary point in $S$ and $\mathrm{Nklt}(X,B)$ denotes the non-klt locus of $(X,B)$. The conjecture is known in some cases, namely when $-(K_X+B)$ is big over $S$, and when it is $\mathbb{Q}$-trivial over $S$. In this talk, we discuss a proof of the full conjecture and extend it to the case of generalized pairs. Then we apply it to the study of the dual complex of generalized log Calabi--Yau pairs. This is joint work with Roberto Svaldi.

Speaker: V.V. Shokurov (Johns Hopkins University)
Title: $n$-complements
Abstracts:  
I will recall main results about $n$-complements and  
will discuss the role of generalized pairs of Birkar-Zhang  
vs Alexeev pairs.

Speaker: Vladimir Lazic (Saarland University)
Title: Weak Zariski decompositions and minimal models
Abstracts: I will present recent results which show that, modulo reasonable assumptions in lower dimensions, the existence of a weak Zariski decomposition of a Q-factorial log canonical generalised pair is equivalent to the existence of a minimal model of the generalised pair. This leads to new unconditional results on the existence of minimal models and Mori fibre spaces of generalised pairs in dimensions at most 5. I will argue that even if one is only interested in the birational geometry of varieties, one cannot avoid the use of generalised pairs. This is joint work with Nikolaos Tsakanikas.

Speaker: Joaquin Moraga (Princeton University)
Title: Toroidalization principles for generalized klt singularities
Abstract: In this talk, I will discuss some recent progress on toroidalization principles for generalized klt singularities. These toroidalizations allow us to prove theorems about the topology of klt singularities and about their minimal log discrepancies. If time permits, I will also explain the relationship between these toroidalization principles and the termination of flips.

Speaker: Zhengyu Hu (Chongqing University of Technology)
Title: An abundance theorem for generalised pairs
Abstract: In this talk I will discuss the finiteness of B-representations for generalised pairs with "general" data. As an application, I will discuss an abundance theorem for generalised dlt pairs, under an extra technical assumption. I will also discuss related problems regarding the abundance theorem.

Speaker: Kenta Hashizume (University of Tokyo)
Title: Non-vanishing theorem for generalized log canonical pairs with a polarization
Abstracts: In this talk, I will deal with generalized pairs with a polarization. I will explain that the non-vanishing theorem holds for generalized pairs with a polarization under assumptions on the nef part and the log canonical part of the generalized pairs. I will also discuss some related topics for generalized pairs with a polarization.

Speaker: Jinjun Han (Johns Hopkins University)
Title: Fujita's conjecture for pseudo-effective thresholds and Shokurov's conjecture on iterated accumulation points of pseudo-effective thresholds
Abstracts: Fujita's conjecture for pseudo-effective thresholds predicts that the set of pseudo-effective thresholds is an ACC set. It is an analogy to ACC for log canonical thresholds. Shokurov's conjecture on iterated accumulation points of pseudo-effective thresholds can be viewed as an analogy to the accumulation points theorem of log canonical thresholds. I will report some progresses towards these two conjectures by using tools from generalized pairs which are developed by Birkar-Zhang. This is based on joint work with Zhan Li.
 
Speaker: Roberto Svaldi (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)
Title: A characterization of toricness
Abstracts: For a log canonical pair (X, D), with -(K_X+D) nef, Shokurov conjectured that a certain numerical quantity, called the complexity, measures how far the pair is from being a toric pair. Shokurov's conjecture actually anticipates a similar behavior in the relative setting, too. In this talk, I will explain how a solution to the above conjecture has emerged in the last few years and how it is related to recent developments in birational geometry. This talk is features joint works with Brown, McKernan, Zong and with Moraga.
 
Speaker: Thomas Peternell (University of Bayreuth)
Title: A generalized non-vanishing and abundance conjecture and nef line bundles on K-trivial varieties
Abstracts: I will report on joint work, partially in progress, with V. Lazic and K.Oguiso/V.Lazic concerning a nonvanishing/abundance type conjecture which involves a nef line bundle. Special emphasis will be laid on varieties whose canonical bundle is numerically trivial.