Quantum Information Seminar 15 by Aram Harrow: Phase transitions in the complexity of simulating random shallow quantum circuits

组织者 Organizer:Liu Zhengwei
时间 Time: Friday, Sept. 17, 2021, 9:00-10:00 Zoom ID:388 528 9728 Password:BIMSA
地点 Venue:Meeting Room No. 1, Jinchunyuan West Bld

报告摘要 Abstract

Title: Phase transitions in the complexity of simulating random shallow quantum circuits


Speaker: Aram Harrow, MIT



The appeal of quantum computing is based on the fact that simulating N quantum systems on a classical computer takes time exponential in N.  This exponential hardness is known to hold even for shallow quantum circuits, meaning unitary dynamics that run for a constant amount of time.  We show that when the quantum circuits are made of random gates on a 2D geometry, they are not always exponentially hard to simulate.  Instead, we give evidence for a phase transition in computational difficulty as the depth and local dimension are varied.  Our evidence consists of (1) fast classical simulations of random circuits on a 400x400 grid of qubits, (2) a mapping to the order/disorder transition in an associated stat mech model, and (3) a proof that some circuit families are easy to simulate approximately but hard to simulate exactly.  Our algorithms are based on tensor network contraction and mapping the 2D random unitary circuit to a 1D process consisting of alternating rounds of random local unitaries and weak measurements.


This is based on https://arxiv.org/abs/2001.00021 which is joint work with John Napp, Rolando La Placa, Alexander Dalzell, and Fernando Brandao.


Zoom ID:388 528 9728 Password:BIMSA