About This Lecture

The Tsinghua University Pao-Lu Hsu Distinguished Lecture was established in 2011 by the Mathematical Sciences Center to honor the fundamental contributions of Pao-Lu Hsu to statistics and probability and the foundations he laid for the development of the field in China. The lectureship is awarded annually to an individual who has made outstanding scholarly contributions to the advancement of statistical methodology and probability theory, or their application in the sciences. The recipient will deliver a public lecture at Tsinghua University. The award includes round-trip travel to Beijing, a citation and a cash prize.

Pao-Lu Hsu

Pao-Lu HsuDr. Pao-Lu Hsu, of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, was born in Beijing on September 1, 1910. In 1928 Dr. Hsu was a student at the Chemistry Department of Yenching University. He transferred to Tsinghua University Mathematics Department in 1930 and graduated with a bachelor degree in 1933. In 1936 he went to United Kingdom for further study through Public Examination with Chinese Funding. During his four years in University College, London, he obtained Ph.D. degree in 1938 and D. Sc. Degree in 1940. In 1940 during the Resist-Japanese-Invasion War he returned to the motherland and was appointed as Professor of statistics in Peking University, later teaching at the National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming. In 1945 he accepted an invitation from the United States of America, and was a visiting professor at the University of California at Berkeley, Columbia University and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In the summer of 1947, Dr. Hsu courteously declined American colleagues’ repeated requests to stay and resolutely returned to Beijing. In 1948, he was elected to the first class of members in Academica Sinica. After revolution in 1949, he held a first-class professorship in Peking University, an elected member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and member of the fourth Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and other important jobs. He passed away on December 18, 1970 in his Peking University residence.

Professor Hsu’s major contribution was in mathematical statistics, probability theory and matrix theory. He was the first person in China to work in probability and statistics and reached to the world class level. He had worldwide influence. In 1979, to celebrate his 70th birthday, T.W. Anderson and E.L. Lehmann, members of the US National Academy of Sciences, and well-known probabilists-wrote essays in Annals of Statistics to describe Dr. Hsu’s life story and his important contributions in multivariate analysis, statistical inference and probability theory.

Dr. Hsu’s integrity and intellect remained in the living world. He left with us, acclaimed academic achievements. He built a foundation to establish the discipline of statistics and probability in China. More importantly, he left most valuable spiritual treasures which became more and more precious as time goes on.

许宝騄先生祖籍浙江杭州,1910年9月1日生于北京,1928年许先生就读于燕京大学化学系,1930年转学清华大学数学系,于1933年毕业并获得学士学位。1936年他通过考试公费赴英留学,在伦敦大学度过的四年中,1938年获哲学博士学位,1940年获科学博士学位。1940年底在抗日战争的烽火中回归祖国,受聘为北京大学教授,在昆明的西南联大任教。1945年他应邀赴美,先后在加州大学伯克利分校,哥伦比亚大学和北卡罗来纳大学任访问教授。1947年夏,许先生婉言谢绝了美国同事们的多方挽留,毅然回到北京。1948年,他被选为中央研究院首批院士。解放以后,他担任北京大学一级教授、中国科学院院士(开始称学部委员)、第四届全国政协委员等重要职务。1970年12月18日病逝于北京大学他的住所。

许宝騄教授的学术工作主要在数理统计、概率论及矩阵论方面。他是我国现代从事概率统计研究并达到世界先进水平的第一人,具有广泛的国际影响。1979年,为了纪念他诞辰70周年,美国科学院院士T.W. Anderson、E. L. Lehmann和著名概率论专家钟开莱在著名的《统计学年鉴》上撰文介绍他的生平及多元统计分析、统计推断及概率论方面的重要贡献。

许先生道德文章垂范人间,留下了举世公认的学术成就,留下了创建我国概率统计学科的业绩,更留下了随着时间的推移而来的越来越显珍贵的精神财富。